How to Know the Origin of Unexpected Bleeding
the period as it is commonly known, is bleeding that a woman expects to see
on a monthly basis. However, there are times
throughout a womans life that she may find unexpected bleeding. This may appear
on her underwear or she may find it on tissues after using the restroom (At no
time is a woman halachically required to inspect used bathroom tissue. Doing so
only causes issues). She may see small
dots of blood, or larger sized stains, or any size in-between. These stains may
be red, pink, orange, brown or various shades of these, or other colors. This
bleeding is commonly referred to as spotting or staining.
In this article I will discuss the Halachic implication
of this type of bleeding, not the medical aspect of this bleeding. Bleeding
from a wound is non Niddah bleeding. Bleeding from the Uterus (usually) causes the
Niddah status. Can a woman determine the origin of the bleeding on her own?
If its your period, then the origin is certainly the
uterus and this causes a woman to be in the category of Niddah. However, if
spotting or staining is found, and you know that it is not your period; can you
determine its source on your own?
Here are some guidelines to help you figure this out.
Important Caveat: Even if you are able
to determine, on your own, that the bleeding is from a wound, you must still consult
a Rabbi to Pasken (give a halachic determination) on your Niddah status. You may not determine on your own that the
bleeding that is found does not cause you to become Niddah.
Spotting or staining from a wound is commonly:
Does not usually flow
out onto tissues and underwear
Only bleeds when the
wound is touched
Not accompanied by
Spotting or staining from
the uterus commonly:
spontaneously, without being touched
discharge and secretions
May be various deep
shades of red or brown
These guidelines will help you determine for yourself the
origin of the bleeding. This will be helpful information to provide to your
Rabbi. He will then Pasken (give a halachic determination) on your Niddah
status, or he may send you to a Bodeket for further clarification.
Remember, spotting and staining are common during the
childbearing years and are rarely a cause for alarm. However, if you do have
any medical concern, visit your healthcare professional. Likewise, if you find
any spotting or staining during the post-menopausal time, visit your health
Your Rabbi, doctor and Bodeket are there to help you.
Reach out to them.
is important to learn the halachic criteria regarding stains, which stain
causes Niddah status, and which does not. Determination of status depends on
color and size of the stain as well as location and color upon which the stain
is found. Stains found on the body and
on a bedikah cloth fall into a different halachic category than stains found
elsewhere. It is vital to consult your Rav on status, and if status is ruled as Niddah, to ask if/how this may affect your Mikvah calendar.